The weather around the country seems to be heading for extremes. Some parts of the U. S. are parched with wild fires and historic droughts. Some of these areas, like in the south and west are then subject to rain deluges resulting in flooding and water damage.
Here in the Midwest, we seem to avoid some of these weather extremes. However the last couple of years have dealt us extremely cold winters and cooler wet spring and summer periods.
While this may all be cyclic, I’m hoping the wet cycle will end soon.
This season we river fisherman have been smitten with high water resulting in later than normal seasonal fishing. We normally fish larger rivers, like the Mississippi, in earnest beginning in late June and work these waters diligently throughout the summer into late September. This gives us at least three full months of river fishing and some folks squeeze an extra month in October for river smallies.
Normally be the time August and September arrive we are fishing low clear water and putting up solid numbers of out-sized bronzebacks.
Not this year. Here it is early Autumn and we have spring-type water levels due to relentless rain cycles that just won’t quit. At this point the moisture doesn’t due anyone any good. The farmers have difficulty getting into the fields and the corn won’t dry naturally. Sugar beet harvest time is here and that process is slowed again owing to wet field.
We took an ill advised trip yesterday on the Big Muddy (Mississippi). That morning we’d gotten hit by a major storm that left a minimum of 2″ of rain. The morning mellowed and we decided to go.
In addition, the fish were tight-lipped and we managed only a handful of smallies on a four hour float. The section of river we fished I know is far better than what it yielded this day.
The only pattern that seemed to produce were, not surprisingly, overhanging wood and noise-making flies and lures.
With the turbid conditions, we had to alert the fish via sound and water disturbance to let them know we were there. Visibility was quite limited so noise-making was a must.
Next time we have a major storm, I’m going to wait for at least 2 – 3 days before returning to a river.
At right are brothers Ross and Bruce Miller with a super 19″ that ate a Blue Foam Popper.
I’ve been fishing with relative newbies to the sport of smallmouth fly fishing lately. The fishing has been quite good with all matter of strikes from subtle trout-like ring rises to the typical smallmouth blast strikes.
The take-away observation from my seat, usually in the back of the canoe, is basic casting issues that plague most fly anglers of all skill levels. Fly casting can take on a life of its own, as one progresses through the myriad of intricacies such as mending and double hauling. But in it’s basic elements, there are some rules that can’t be broken. Some things basic fly fishers must do to be successful.
Here are the most common mistakes newbies make when venturing into the fly fishing realm:
- People don’t practice fly casting. Most guides will tell you the single biggest issue with most clients is their inability to present the fly where it needs to be. People show up for a day on the water with their equipment organized and ready to go. That’s great, but the problem is they don’t know how to cast. Many think they do and get testy if the guide suggests some augmentation to their technique.
Nonetheless, fly casting is the single most important aspect of fly fishing success.
- Here are the most common casting mistakes for beginners with little to moderate experience:
- Loops: When the caster positions the rod at the 9:00 and 3:00 position, you’re going to get a big time open loop. Open loops are bad with the only exception being when throwing a heavier fly, then a forced open loop is a good thing. I constantly remind my guests to use the 10 and 2 positioning with a hard stop on either end. Most will do it a cast or two and then revert to the 9 and 3 and dump the cast.
- Rod Loading: Most beginners and even seasoned fly fisherman don’t know their equipment well enough. Yes they may have expensive rods, etc. but that doesn’t mean much if they can’t throw. You must practice with your rod, line, leader, tippet and fly (remove the hook if needed). In that way you can begin to develop the feel you must have when your outfit loads. Sadly, many fisherman never really get the incredible feel of a properly loaded rod launching a matched fly line as it drills a fly to the intended target.
- Patience: The single biggest mistake I see is rushing the fore cast. One must unquestionably wait until the fly line nearly straightens on the backcast before the forward thrust is initiated. Most rush the cast, not allowing the aforementioned backcast to do its thing. I’ve seen well instructed fly fishers use a more sideways body positioning to allow them to watch the back cast. Unfortunately, some anglers are never able to extricate themselves from that learning behavior. But it still works. As some point, you should be able to forget the backcast observation and concentrate only on the target and let the feel and loading of the rod and line dictate the motion.
- Rod Positioning: I’ve seen so many fish lost after hook up for several reasons in the last two weeks. The main reason was poor rod positioning before the hit. A low rod position prior to the hit is paramount to a good hookset. In most cases, the fly fisherman stripped in the fly with the rod in a 10:00 position thereby limiting their ability to bring the rod back for a solid hook set. The preferred rod positioning is to have the rod down, nearly touching the water pointed directly at the fly. In some cases if one imparts a rod twitch while stripping to exaggerate the motion this will take the rod out of the aforementioned alignment, but that’s OK as long as the angler is ready for the strike. That said, the best positioning is directly at the fly.
- Line Handling After Hook Up: Many fish were dropped because sufficient line tension was not maintained. When the fish is initially hooked the angler must generally strip very quickly to determine the tension and force needed – offset by the size of the fish. Often the fish will move toward the angler and tension cannot be maintained as the angler won’t strip fast enough and the fish is lost. In many cases, one cannot strip fast enough. Once the “stage has been set” relative to the size of the fish, the angler should always keep a good arc on the rod. Many times the fish will “bum rush” the boat only to turn and rip line out when the real fight begins. The angler must learn when to strip and when to take up line and put the fish on the reel if that’s what is called for. This is where experience comes in and this takes some time. The bottom line I tell anglers: Always keep the rod bent!
Some of these mistakes are easily remedied, others take time and experience to perfect. If one only takes a few minutes once a week to take the rod out to the back yard or nearby park or open area, your proficiency will skyrocket. Unfortunately for some reason, most people just don’t have the desire to become a good fly caster. Perhaps it’s our day-and-age, perhaps it’s the way it’s always been.
Fly fishing is a beautiful sport that, when done properly, is not only fun to do but an extremely effective way to catch fish. The single biggest issue for fly fishers is casting and that’s where most put the least amount of attention. Please take something from this essay for if you do, and put in some extra practice, suddenly you’ll be the guy who’s other anglers long to be.
We executed a three team assault on a regional tributary of the Mississippi yesterday on July 31. We’ve been smitten with high water for the second year in a row in the Midwest and rivers have been clearing and fishable for only the last three weeks.
The river we fished is quite rocky and fast moving. The stern canoeist must concentrate on positioning the entire length of, what is generally a 4 – 5 hour float. This river has roads that cross it every five miles or so making it perfect for multiple sections to be fished by several boats simultaneously.
All three (two men per canoe) teams fished a different section on this relative small river that allows one to periodically hit either bank depending on the target water.
This was a highly technical and well organized (by yours truly :=) maneuver that required canoe drop-off and car placement, like a military exercise, to ensure everyone had the correct vehicle awaiting them upon take-out.
Everyone caught a few fish early in the trip and experienced slow fishing as the day unfolded. We generally fish in the afternoon on most Minnesota rivers. We find fish in varied moods early in the afternoon and often taking top water later in the day.
Let’s put it this way, the most exciting thing I saw was a pair of young lady tubers in bikinis – one was built for power and the other for speed.
When starting out on a river float, I always start with a popper. My thinking is: If they’ll hit top water right away, why not find out right away, so as to enjoy top water action the entire trip. If they don’t go topside early on, I’ll either go to a streamer of hopper pattern.
Yesterday was one of those “head scratchers” with the weather perfect, hoppers all over the banks, and relatively clear water. I’m beginning to question the relative health of the fishery, since this little river used to be dynamite and has drifted into obscurity over the last 6 – 7 years with very little fishing pressure.
The only patterns that worked with any consistency yesterday were smaller hopper patterns and small hopper poppers. We threw streamers, poppers, and variants. Small terrestrials was about the only thing that worked.
When the smallmouth fishing gets tough, ALWAYS pull out the foam hoppers either dead drift or lightly impart some subtle action – it may be your only chance at moderate success when the going gets tough!